Volume 9, Issue 2 (5-2021)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2021, 9(2): 5-16 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

davari A, daneshkazemi A, Dastjerdi G, borhan Z, abbasi S. Evaluation of DMFT Index Based on Mental and Psychological Profile in Shahedieh, Yazd Province. Jorjani Biomed J 2021; 9 (2) :5-16
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-789-en.html
1- Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; Member of Social Determinant of Oral Health Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Medical school Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4- Department of operative and aesthetic dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , s.abbasi@stu.ssu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1699 Views)
Background and Objective: Oral health affects physical and mental health, growth, enjoyment and community. Anxiety and depression can lead to tooth decay, thereby indirectly affecting the periodontal health of people. Those who experience mental illness also suffer from poor oral health and do not adherence with oral health instructions. Mental illness leads to fear, unhealthy habits, and distrust of dentists, each of which alone affects oral and dental health. This study aimed to evaluate the DMFT-affecting mental diseases in adults in Shahedieh in a cohort study in 2016.
Material and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Shahedieh cohort plan was used to collect the research data. Different psychological variables such as the history of these diseases, the drugs used in these patients, and the current incidence of mental illness were extracted from the especial Yazd Shahedieh cohort questionnaire. Oral health status in the participants was estimated based on the DMF index for permanent teeth in the participants. Mean, percentage, and standard deviation was performed to describe descriptive data, as well as Chi-square, t-test, and ANOVA, Regression. In addition, a P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: In the present study, total, 9967 subjects were enrolled in the study, 5028 of whom were men and 4939 were women. No significant difference was observed between the male and female participants regarding the number of decayed (p=0.14) and missing teeth (p=0.24) and DMFT index (p=0.69). There was no significant relationship between age and DMFT indexes. No correlation was observed between the level of education and DMFT index (p=0.147). There was no significant relationship between DMFT index and psychological disorders (depression [P=0.19]), other psychiatric diseases [P= 0.32]), mental health care (depression treatment [P=0.45] and treatment of other psychiatric diseases [P=0.97].)
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, no significant relationship was found between the DMFT index based on the mental and psychological profiles of the subjects.
Full-Text [PDF 555 kb]   (536 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (330 Views)  
There is an association between poor oral health and mental health. Dental anxiety has negative impact on oral health. A higher level of anxiety is associated with fewer filled teeth and higher calculus index. Therefore, in this prospective research, we use DMFT index to evaluate oral health status based on mental and psychological profile of 9967 subjects in Shahedieh, Yazd province.
Type of Article: Original article | Subject: Basic Medical Sciences
Received: 2021/01/20 | Accepted: 2021/04/28 | Published: 2021/06/20

1. Kisely S, Sawyer E, Siskind D, Lalloo R. The oral health of people with anxiety and depressive disorders - a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of affective disorders. 2016;200:119-32. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
2. Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, Borodulin K, Buman MP, Cardon G, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. British journal of sports medicine. 2020;54(24):1451-62. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
3. Coles E, Chan K, Collins J, Humphris GM, Richards D, Williams B, et al. Decayed and missing teeth and oral-health-related factors: predicting depression in homeless people. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2011;71(2):108-12. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
4. Taylor AM, Holscher HD. A review of dietary and microbial connections to depression, anxiety, and stress. Nutritional neuroscience. 2020;23(3):237-50. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
5. Roohafza H, Afghari P, Keshteli AH, Vali A, Shirani M, Adibi P, et al. The relationship between tooth loss and psychological factors. Community dental health. 2015;32(1):16-9. [view at publisher] [Google Scholar]
6. Larmas M. Has dental caries prevalence some connection with caries index values in adults? Caries research. 2010;44(1):81-4. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
7. Hatami H RS, EFTEKHAR AH. Ministry SMJ of Health and Medical Education (IR-Iran). Text book of public health 1st ed TEHRAN: Derakhshan Publication. 2004:483. [Google Scholar]
8. Nyvad B, Tencate JM , Robinson C. Cariology in the 21st century, . State of the art and future perspectives,. 2004;38(3):170. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
9. Kazemnejad A, Zayeri F, Rokn AR, Kharazifard MJ. Prevalence and risk indicators of periodontal disease among high-school students in Tehran. Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit. 2008;14(1):119-25. [view at publisher] [Google Scholar]
10. Rigi L, Ghanbariha M, Badiee M, Abdolazimi Z. The Relationship between Dental Caries and Some Socio-economic Factors. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. 2012;20(4). [Google Scholar]
11. Walter MH, Woronuk JI, Tan HK, Lenz U, Koch R, Boening KW, et al. Oral health related quality of life and its association with sociodemographic and clinical findings in 3 northern outreach clinics. Journal (Canadian Dental Association). 2007;73(2):153. [Google Scholar]
12. Naito M, Yuasa H, Nomura Y, Nakayama T, Hamajima N, Hanada N. Oral health status and health-related quality of life: a systematic review. Journal of oral science. 2006;48(1):1-7. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
13. Nourollahian H, Afshari H. Evaluation of second molars DMFT in 12 years old students in Zahedan. Zahedan Faculty of Dentistry. 2000:88-22. [Google Scholar]
14. Torbi M, Afshar SK, S. S, Afshar MK. assessment of oral health indices in kerman adults aged 35-44 yearsUnknown article. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2009;5(2):8-94. [view at publisher] [Google Scholar]
15. Ajami B. An epidemiologic Survey on the health status of 35-44 years and those above 64 years of age in Mashhad. Journal of dental school shahid beheshti university of Medical Science. 2000;18(3):-. [view at publisher] [Google Scholar]
16. Deyhimi P, Eslamipour F, Nnsari HA. DMFT and the effect of dental education on orodental health of dental students in Isfahan school of dentistry. Journal of Isfahan dental school. 2011;6(4):-. [view at publisher] [Google Scholar]
17. Splieth C, Meyer G. Factors for changes of caries prevalence among adolescents in Germany. European journal of oral sciences. 1996;104(4 ( Pt 2)):444-51. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
18. Khalilinejad F, Khalilian MR, Rasaei N, Saki A. Correlation between Oral Health Status (DMFT) and BMI Index in Khuzestan Province, Iran during 2012-2013. Iranian journal of public health. 2014;43(10):1458-60. [view at publisher] [Google Scholar]
19. Siukosaari P, Ainamo A, Närhi TO. Level of education and incidence of caries in the elderly: a 5-year follow-up study. Gerodontology. 2005;22(3):130-6. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
20. Beck JD, Koch GG, Rozier RG, Tudor GE. Prevalence and risk indicators for periodontal attachment loss in a population of older community-dwelling blacks and whites. Journal of periodontology. 1990;61(8):521-8. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
21. Fox CH, Jette AM, McGuire SM, Feldman HA, Douglass CW. Periodontal disease among New England elders. Journal of periodontology. 1994;65(7):676-84. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
22. Locker D, Leake JL. Risk indicators and risk markers for periodontal disease experience in older adults living independently in Ontario, Canada. Journal of dental research. 1993;72(1):9-17. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
23. Taheri N, Kamangar S, Ghorbani S, mousavy S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practicetoward Oral Health. Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2013;5(2):107-15.
24. Alkan A, Cakmak O, Yilmaz S, Cebi T, Gurgan C. Relationship Between Psychological Factors and Oral Health Status and Behaviours. Oral health & preventive dentistry. 2015;13(4):331-9. [Google Scholar]
25. Skośkiewicz-Malinowska K, Malicka B, Ziętek M, Kaczmarek U. Oral health condition and occurrence of depression in the elderly. Medicine. 2018;97(41):e12490. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
26. Kim YS, Kim HN, Lee JH, Kim SY, Jun EJ, Kim JB. Association of stress, depression, and suicidal ideation with subjective oral health status and oral functions in Korean adults aged 35 years or more. BMC oral health. 2017;17(1):101. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
27. Zengin AZ, Yanik K, Celenk P, Unal-Erzurumlu Z, Yilmaz H, Bulut N. Oral hygiene and oral flora evaluation in psychiatric patients in nursing homes in Turkey. Nigerian journal of clinical practice. 2015;18(6):751-6. [view at publisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Jorjani Biomedicine Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb