Volume 7, Issue 3 (9-2019)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2019, 7(3): 24-33 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Gholami M, Najafzadeh M, Behnampour N, Abdollahi Z, Sadeghi Ghotbabadi F, Lashkarboluki F et al . National Food and Nutrition Security System (SAMAT), A Tool for Identifying and Monitoring Food Insecurity in the Country. Jorjani Biomed J. 2019; 7 (3) :24-33
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-668-en.html
1- Health Management and Social Development research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
2- Health Management and Social Development research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3- Nutrition Department Ministry of Health and Medical Education Tehran, Iran.
4- Health Management and Social Development research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , mrhonarvar@goums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (966 Views)
Background and objectives: Iran was reported in the high-risk group of World Food Security Map in 2008 .Identifying food insecurity is first step for executing interventions. Measuring household food security is its cornerstone. SAMAT System was designed to provide a variety of GIS-based reports to policy makers and managers in the field of food security.
Methods and Materials: SAMAT system was developed by a team working with various specialties. The system was analyzed using Rational Unified Process methodology and after optimization and normalization process, centralized database was formed. SQL Server 2014 software was used for its implementation. SharpMap open source engine was used to render spatial data and display maps on the web, and many parts of the engine were coded specifically to meet different organizational needs. The system was designed using the WEB GIS engine.
 Results: SAMAT system was executed in nine provinces of the country in different periods. SAMAT dashboard provides a variety of information for executive managers. Based on demographic data, the state of food insecurity can be identified at different levels from city to village, in a variety of graphs. A spectrum from the urban distribution to the local distribution of food insecurity can be identified on the GIS map. Zooming in on different areas can help to identify more food insecure neighborhoods within the village or town, thus giving managers the priority of food insecurity interventions at the neighborhood or village level. One can view household characteristics and the results of questionnaire information .
Conclusion:  SAMAT system can be useful for managing food security at the national, provincial, city and even rural or urban levels. we recommend periodically prioritizing points, Identifying the provinces and re-evaluating the effectiveness of interventions through the SAMAT-based system after comprehensive implementation of food insecurity reduction 
Full-Text [PDF 509 kb]   (354 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original article | Subject: Health
Received: 2019/06/8 | Accepted: 2019/08/19 | Published: 2019/09/1

1. FAO I, WFP W, UNICEF. The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2019: safeguarding against economic slowdowns and downturns. 2019;
2. fao.org. SOFI 2018 - The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World [Internet]. www.fao.org. [cited 2018 Oct 1]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-security-nutrition/en/
3. payab M, Dorosty Motlagh A, Eshraghian M, Siassi F, karimi T. The association between food insecurity, socio-economic factors and dietary intake in mothers having primary school children living in Ray 2010. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol Vol 7 No 1 Spring 2012. :75-84. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
4. Mohammadzadeh A, Dorosty AR, Eshraghian MR. Household Food Security Status and Food Consumption among High School Students in Esfahan, Iran. Iran J Epidemiol. 2011 Jun 15;7(1):38-43. [Google Scholar]
5. Ramesh T, Dorosty Motlagh AR, Abdollahi M. Prevalence of household food insecurity in the City of Shiraz and its association with socio-economic and demographic factors, 2008. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol. 2010 Jan 10;4(4):53-64. [Google Scholar]
6. Dastgiri S, Mahboob S, Tutunchi H, Ostadrahimi A. Determinants of Food Insecurity: A Cross - Sectional Study in Tabriz. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2006 Sep 15;6(3):233-9. [Google Scholar]
7. Headey D, Ecker O. Rethinking the measurement of food security: from first principles to best practice. Food Secur. 2013 Jun 1;5(3):327-43. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
8. Pérez-Escamilla R, Gubert MB, Rogers B, Hromi-Fiedler A. Food security measurement and governance: Assessment of the usefulness of diverse food insecurity indicators for policy makers. Glob Food Secur. 2017 Sep 1;14:96-104. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
9. Coates J, Swindale A, Bilinsky P. Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for measurement of food access: indicator guide. Wash DC Food Nutr Tech Assist Proj Acad Educ Dev. 2007; [DOI] [Google Scholar]
10. MOHAMMADI F, OMIDVAR N, HARRISON GG, GHAZI-TABATABAEI M, ABDOLLAHI M, HOUSHIAR-RAD A, et al. Is Household Food Insecurity Associated with Overweight/Obesity in Women? Iran J Public Health. 2013 Apr 1;42(4):380-90. [Google Scholar]
11. Kolahdoz F, Najafi F. The National Food and Nutrition Security Monitoring System in Iran and the First National Food Security Scenarios Mapping Survey (Sampat Research). Ministry of Health and Medical Education.2001.[in Persian]. [Google Scholar]
13. McEntee J, Agyeman J. Towards the development of a GIS method for identifying rural food deserts: Geographic access in Vermont, USA. Appl Geogr. 2010 Jan;30(1):165-76. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
14. Ghirardelli A, Quinn V, Foerster SB. Using Geographic Information Systems and Local Food Store Data in California's Low-Income Neighborhoods to Inform Community Initiatives and Resources. Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov;100(11):2156-62. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
15. fivims [Internet]. [cited 2019 Sep 26]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/FOCUS/E/SOFI/fiv-e.htm [Google Scholar]
16. National FIVIMS - Updates from Selected Countries [Internet]. [cited 2019 Sep 26]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/3/X6726E/x6726e02.htm [Google Scholar]
17. Food Security Monitoring Systems (FSMS) - Technical Guidance Sheet | World Food Programme [Internet]. [cited 2019 Sep 19]. Available from: https://www.wfp.org/publications/monitoring-food-security-technical-guidance-sheet [Google Scholar]
18. Harray AJ, Boushey CJ, Pollard CM, Delp EJ, Ahmad Z, Dhaliwal SS, et al. A Novel Dietary Assessment Method to Measure a Healthy and Sustainable Diet Using the Mobile Food Record: Protocol and Methodology. Nutrients. 2015 Jul 3;7(7):5375-95. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
19. Enenkel M, See L, Karner M, Álvarez M, Rogenhofer E, Baraldès-Vallverdú C, et al. Food Security Monitoring via Mobile Data Collection and Remote Sensing: Results from the Central African Republic. PloS One. 2015;10(11):e0142030. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
20. Smith D, Thompson C, Harland K, Parker S, Shelton N. Identifying populations and areas at greatest risk of household food insecurity in England. Appl Geogr Sevenoaks Engl. 2018 Feb;91:21-31. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
21. Lim JL, Yih Y, Gichunge C, Tierney WM, Le TH, Zhang J, et al. The AMPATH Nutritional Information System: designing a food distribution electronic record system in rural Kenya. J Am Med Inform Assoc JAMIA. 2009 Dec;16(6):882-8. [DOI] [Google Scholar]
22. Shearer C, Rainham D, Blanchard C, Dummer T, Lyons R, Kirk S. Measuring food availability and accessibility among adolescents: Moving beyond the neighbourhood boundary. Soc Sci Med. 2015 May;133:322-30. [DOI] [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Jorjani Biomedicine Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb