Volume 7, Issue 3 (9-2019)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2019, 7(3): 11-23 | Back to browse issues page

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Saadati M, Bagheri A. Comparison of Survival Forests in Analyzing First Birth Interval. Jorjani Biomed J. 2019; 7 (3) :11-23
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-652-en.html
1- Associate professor of National Population Studies & Comprehensive Management Institute, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate professor of National Population Studies & Comprehensive Management Institute , abagheri_000@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (299 Views)
Background and objectives: Application of statistical machine learning methods such as ensemble based approaches in survival analysis has been received considerable interest over the past decades in time-to-event data sets. One of these practical methods is survival forests which have been developed in a variety of contexts due to their high precision, non-parametric and non-linear nature. This article aims to evaluate the performance of survival forests by comparing them with Cox-proportional hazards (CPH) model in studying first birth interval (FBI).
Methods: A cross sectional study in 2017 was conducted by the stratified random sampling and a structured questionnaire to gather the information of 610, 15-49-year-old married women in Tehran. Considering some influential covariates on FBI, random survival forest (RSF) and conditional inference forest (CIF) were constructed by bootstrap sampling method (1000 trees) using R-language packages. Then, the best model is used to identify important predictors of FBI by variable importance (VIMP) and minimal depth measures.
Results: According to prediction accuracy results by out-of-bag (OOB) C-index and integrated Brier score (IBS), RSF outperforms CPH and CIF in analyzing FBI (C-index of 0.754 for RSF vs 0.688 for CIF and 0.524 for CPH and IBS of 0.076 for RSF vs 0.086 for CIF and 0.107 for CPH). Woman’s age was the most important predictor on FBI.
Conclusions: Applying suitable method in analyzing FBI assures the results which be used for making policies to overcome decrement in total fertility rate.
Full-Text [PDF 704 kb]   (112 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original article | Subject: Bio-statistics
Received: 2019/06/25 | Revised: 2020/04/30 | Accepted: 2020/01/20

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