Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2018)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2018, 6(1): 33-43 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bagheri D, Mohseni R A, Mahdavi S M S. Association of Socioeconomic Status and Pro-Environmental Behaviors in the Citizens of Gorgan, Iran (2017). Jorjani Biomed J 2018; 6 (1) :33-43
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-590-en.html
1- PhD Candidate in Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran
2- Associate Professor, School of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, School of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran
3- Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, School of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran
Abstract:   (12862 Views)
Background and objectives: Environmental pollution is a major cause of various diseases. Massive production of hospital, industrial, and household wastes lead to several health issues, threatening community health on a daily basis. The present study aimed to determine the association between socioeconomic status and pro-environmental behaviors in the citizens of Gorgan, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 400 citizens of Gorgan. Participants were divided into three regions based on urban categorization. Data were collected using demographic and socioeconomic questionnaires. To assess environmental behaviors, a standard questionnaire was used based on the Dunlap spectrum. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using the analysis of variance (ANOVA), independent samples t-test and factor analysis.
Results: No positive significant correlation was observed between gender and environmental behaviors. The results of ANOVA showed a significant association between marital status and environmental behaviors. In addition, the results of factor analysis indicated that five factors explained 55.49% of environmental behaviors. The results of ANOVA also demonstrated that middle-class citizens had a more responsible attitude toward the environment compared to others (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, socioeconomic status influenced the social value orientations and responsible behaviors of individuals toward the environment. Therefore, increasing the quality of life and providing comprehensive education could enhance pro-environmental behaviors and promote community health.
Full-Text [PDF 487 kb]   (2123 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original article | Subject: Health
Received: 2018/08/19 | Accepted: 2018/08/19 | Published: 2018/08/19

1. Environmental Philanthropy and Environmental Behavior in Five Countries: Is There Convergence Among Youth? VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. August 2015, 26(4), pp 1485-1509 [DOI:10.1007/s11266-014-9496-4]
2. Carfagna, L. B., E. A. Dubois, C. Fitzmaurice, M. Y. Ouimette, J. B. Schor, and M. Willis. An emerging eco-habitus: the reconfiguration of high cultural capital practices among ethical consumers. Journal of Consumer Culture. 2014; 14:158-178. [DOI:10.1177/1469540514526227]
3. Dunlap RE, Van Liere, KD. The new environmental Paradigm: A Proposed Measuring Instrument and Preliminary Results. J Environ Edu. 1978; 9: 10-19. [DOI:10.1037/t38758-000]
4. Dunlap RE, Jones RE. Environmental concern: conceptual measurement issues. Handbook of Environmental Sociology. Greenwood press, 2002: 482-524.
5. Ayodeji, I. Exploring secondary school students undesrstanding and practices of waste manangememnt in Ogum State Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education (2010): 5(2): 201-215.
6. Buttel F H. New directions in environmental sociology. Ann Rev Sociol.1987; 13: 465-88. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.so.13.080187.002341]
7. Schahn J, Holzer E. Studies of individual environmental concern: The role of knowledge, gender, and background variables. Environ Behav. 1990; 22: 767-86. [DOI:10.1177/0013916590226003]
8. Salehi S. People and the environment. Lambert Academic Publication. 2010; 9: 17-29.
9. Ghaderi N, Choupani S, Salehi S, Khoshfar Gh. A Study of social factors affecting on environmental attitudes and behavior in the Marivan city in 2014. Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015: 16(48): 10-18. (Persian)
10. Fazeli M, Jafar Salehi S. The Gap between Attitude, Knowledge and Environmental Behavior of Tourists. Tourism Management Studies Journak. 2013: 22(8): 142-168. (Persian)
11. Hajizadehmeimandi M, Falakodin Z. A Survey of Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Responsible Environmental Behavior (Case Study: Citizens of Khorramabad). Journal of Social Development. 2017: 12(1): 7-36.(DOI): 10.22055/qjsd.2017.13046. (Persian)
12. Abbaszadeh M, Bani Fatemeh H, Alizadeh M B, Alavi L. Study of Intervening Effect of Environmental Responsible Attitude on the Relationship of between Place Attachment and Environmental Responsible Behavior. Journal of Applied Sociology. 2016: 27(2): 61-80. (Persian)
13. Bronfman N, Cisternas P, López-Vázquez E, de la Maza C , Oyanedel J. Understanding Attitudes and Pro-Environmental Behaviors in a Chilean Community. Sustainability 2015: 7(10): 14133-14152; doi:10.3390/su71014133 [DOI:10.3390/su71014133]
14. Garmarudi, GH and Moradi A. The design measurement tool for socioeconomic status in Tehran. Payesh Quar. 2010; 2, 137-144. (Persian)
15. Eslami A, Mahmudi A, Khabiri M, NajafianRzavi SM. The role of socioeconmic status in motvating citizens to participate in recreational sports. J App Res Sport Management. 2013; 2(3), 89-104. (Persian)
16. Stern, C. P. Toward A Coherent Theory of Environmentally Significant Behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 2000: 56(3): 407-424. [DOI:10.1111/0022-4537.00175]
17. Milfont, T. L. Duckitt, J. and Wagner, C. A Cross-Cultural Test of the Value-Attitude-Behavior Hierarchy. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2010: 40: 2791-2813. [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00681.x]
18. Corina-Maria Ene, Anda Gheorghiu, Cristina Burghelea, Anca GheorghiuThe Conflict between Economic Development and Planetary Ecosystem in the Context of Sustainable Development. 6-th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Energy & Environment (EE'11), 2011,ISSN 1792-8230,ISBN 978-960-474-274-5: 266-271
19. Hghighian M. An Analysis of the Environmental Behavior of the Citizens of Isfahan and its Effective Factors. Journal of Urban Regional Studies and Research. 2014: 6(23): 133-144 (Persian).
20. Hajizadehmeimandi M, Falakodin Z. A Survey of Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Responsible Environmental Behavior (Case Study: Citizens of Khorramabad).Journal of social development. 2017: 12(1): 7-36 (Persian). DOI: 10.22055/qjsd.2017.13046
21. Ghaderi N, Choupani S, Salehi S, Khoshfar GH. A Study of social factors affecting on environmental attitudes and behavior in the Marivan city in 2014. Zanko J Med Sci 2015, 16(48): 10-18. (Persian).
22. Banifatemeh H, Rostaee SH, Alizadeh M, Hosinezadeh F. Density and Diversity of Bird Community in Hedgerows Surrounding Farmlands. Journal of environmental researches. 2014: 4(7): 173-186 (Persian).
23. Emamgholi L. The effect of social capital on environmental behavior (Case Study: Kurdistan Province). J Social Sci. 2011; 10: 58 - 69.
24. Mokhtari R, Abdollahi A, Sadeghi H. Analysis and Recognition of Urban Environmental Behaviors (Case Study: Isfahan City, 2012). Urban research and planning. 2014: 5(18): 1-20 (Persian).
25. Karatasou, S. Santamouris, M. Laskari, M. Models of behavior change and residential energy use: a review of research directions and findings for behavior-based energy efficiency. Advances in Building Energy Research. 2014: 8(2): 137-147. doi.org/10.1080/17512549.2013.809275 [DOI:10.1080/17512549.2013.809275]
26. Salehi S. KArimnejad S. An Analysis on Relationship Between Environmental Values and New Environmental Attitudes (Case study: Urmia). 2014: 10(37): 153-170 (Persian).
27. Abbas zadeh M, Mirzaei H, Alyari L. The effect of cultural and social capital on citizens' participation in the segregation and collection of household waste studied by citizens of Urmia. Urban Socioogy. 2015: 5(14): 75-102 (Persian).
28. Amanpour S, Saedi J, Soleimani Rad E. Locating urban landfill, the city of Kermanshah Case Study Journal of Human and Environment. 2014: 11(27): 55-64 (Persian).
29. Best H, Mayerl J. Values, An empirical study on the Structure of Environmental Concern and Recycling Participation. Soc Sci Q. 2013; 94: 691-714. [DOI:10.1111/ssqu.12010]
30. Czajkowski M, Hanley N, Nyborg K. Social Norms, Morals and Self-interest as Determinants of Pro-environment Behaviours: The Case of Household Recycling. Environmental and Resource Economics. 2017: 66(4): 647-670. [DOI:10.1007/s10640-015-9964-3]
31. Poortinga W, Steg L, Vlek C. Values, environmental concern, and environmental behavior: A study into household energy use. Environment and Behavior. 2004 Jan;36(1):70-93. Available from, DOI: 10.1177/0013916503251466 [DOI:10.1177/0013916503251466]
32. Sajadian N, Nemati M, Daman Bagh S, Shojaeian A. An analysis of the rapid growth of urbanization and quality of life in the metropolis of Ahwaz. J of Geography and urbanization - regional. 2016: 6(18): 187-214 (Persian).
33. T U, K.L. Lin, L. Evaluative Structure of Perceived Residential Environment Quality in High- Density and Mixed- use Urban Settings: An Exploratory Study on Taipei City, Landscape and Urban Planning: 2008:.87(3): 157-171. [DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2008.05.009]
34. Kalantari A, Kianpour M, Sharaf abadi, Lashgari M. Sociological Analysis of Sense of Belonging towards Nature (Case Study: Tehran Residents). Journal of Management system. 2016: 27(2): 1-16 (Persian).
35. Aghaei, M. Investigating the role of environmental culture of Isfahan citizens in the separation of domestic waste. Journal of social sciences. 2017: 10(34): 187-208 (Persian).
36. Rastegarkhaled A, Meshkini GH, Salehi, S. Investigate the Relationship between Individualism Collectivism and Environmental Citizenship among Citizens of Regions 3, 11 and 19 of Tehran. 2017: 12(1): 37-58 (Persian).
37. Ghaemi A. Preparing the model for environmental training to strengthen the sustainable ‎governance of national water resources with an emphasis on public participation. scds 2016, 5(2): 133-157 (Persian).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Jorjani Biomedicine Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb