Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2018, 6(4): 29-39 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaily H, Barzanouni S, Farhangi H. Determining factors contributing to the five-year survival of children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia based on tree survival model in the presence of competing risks. Jorjani Biomed J. 2018; 6 (4) :29-39
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-583-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , s.barzanouni@gmail.com
3- Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Dr Sheikh Pediatric Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (103 Views)
Background and objectives: Leukemia is one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide. The relapse of the disease mitigates patient survival time. The convenience of explaining the results obtained from analyzing tree models have encouraged doctors and paramedics to employ them in their research. The current study is an attempt to determine the five-year survival time and factors influencing it in children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia based on tree survival model in the presence of competing risks.
Methods: The required data were collected from 255 children younger than 15, who suffered from acute lymphoblastic leukemia and referred to Dr. Sheikh Hospital in Mashhad, Iran during the years 2007-2015. Afterwards, the survival of the patient until the end of March 2015 was scrutinized. In this regard, various variables like sex, age, treatment period, white blood cells count, hemoglobin, platelet count, LDH level, CNS involvement, mediastan mass, rheumatologic symptoms, etc. were also considered.
The relapse of the disease was considered the desired event, whereas the relapse-free death is called competing event. The survival time of the patients from diagnosis date to the date of event (censoring) was calculated on a monthly basis. The fitting of the model is implemented according to maximum within-node homogeneity, which, in turn, is based on the partition function of sum of squares of Event-Specific Martingale Residual changes.
Results: The estimated mean survival time during the relapse and relapse-free death periods as well as in the presence of either events was obtained 55.51, 47.53 and 44.20 months, respectively, implying a decrease in the mean survival time in the presence of competing risks. White blood cell count and platelet count were considered the most influential factors contributing to the relapse or survival. Three sub-groups of patients at risk were identified, and those with white blood cells ≥ 50000 were recognized as the ones with the least mean survival time.
Conclusion: The factors affecting the survival rate of patients and their spots in the model can be employed in making clinical decisions and proposing therapeutic protocols. Identification of sub-groups with identical mean survival rate is the most salient capabilities of the research model.
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Type of Article: Original article |
Received: 2018/07/1 | Revised: 2018/09/27 | Accepted: 2018/09/13

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