Volume 6, Issue 4 (Winter 2018)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2018, 6(4): 53-61 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Gholikhani R, Ebadi Fard Azar F, Kabir M J, Tadayon M M. Analysis of Current and Desirable Status of Iran's Basic Health Insurance. Jorjani Biomed J. 2018; 6 (4) :53-61
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-580-en.html
1- Department of public law, Faculty of law )campus(, Tehran University, Tehran,Iran
2- Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Science
3- Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine Golestan University of Medical Sciences
4- National Center for Health insurance Research. (NCHIR). Iran. Health Insurance Organization (IHIO) , tadayon.m.m@gmail.com
Abstract:   (444 Views)
Background & Objctives: With regard to unclear government approach in the insurance sector, multiplicity of rules, high share of households, improper population coverage and lack of cost-effective interventions, this study aimed to analyze the current status of basic health insurance in Iran and its distance from the desirable  status according to upstream documents. In addition, we attempted to propose a strategy in this regard.
Methods: This qualitative research was performed in 2017 in four stages of analysis of the current status of upstream documents and laws, round-table discussions of policy-makers, and presenting political options. In total, 20 subjects were selected by targeted sampling method with maximum diversity and based on the saturation rule. Data were collected by document analysis and interviews with authorities. Moreover, data were analyzed applying content analysis and the deductive approach.
Results: The results were classified into five areas of population coverage, financial resources management, financial protection of insured individuals, strategic purchasing, policy-making, and structure. There was a significant distance between the desirable  status based on upstream documents and laws and the current status. Recommendations: eliminating conflicts of interest in decision-making areas, complying with the public interest in making health decisions, observing the principles of the evaluation of regulatory effects, and assessing the economic and social effects of health decisions.
Conclusion: Despite the successful global experiences, the recommendations of the World Health Organization, and the existence of several optimal structures, proper models must be considered by the health system of the country through observing the relevant mechanisms and necessities.
Full-Text [PDF 975 kb]   (68 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Qualitative |
Received: 2018/06/19 | Revised: 2018/09/2 | Accepted: 2018/09/20

References
1. F. T. Healthcare policies over the last 20 years: Reforms and counterreforms.2010;95(1):82-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.healthpol.2009.11.006]
2. WHO The world health report 2010- Health systems financing: The path to universal coverage. Geneva: WHO, 2010.
3. World Health Statistics 2015.
4. Rezapour A, Ghaderi H, Azar FE, Larijani B, Gohari MR. Effects of health out-ofpocket payment on households in iran; catastrophic and impoverishment: issues. 2013;12:13.
5. Fazaeli AA, Seyedin H, Moghaddam AV, Delavari A, Salimzadeh H, Varmazyar H, et al. Fairness of financial contribution in Iranian health system:... 2015;7(5):260. [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v7n5p260]
6. Hsiao WC. Why is a systemic view of health financing necessary?. 2007;26(4):950-61. [DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.26.4.950]
7. Fifth development Program Islamic Consultive Assembly(Majleis) of Iran. 2011.
8. Kwon S. Thirty years of national health insurance in South Korea: Health policy and planning. 2008;24(1):63-71. [DOI:10.1093/heapol/czn037]
9. Frenz P, Delgado I, Kaufman JS, Harper S. Achieving effective universal health coverage with equity: evidence from Chile. 2013;29(6):717-31. [DOI:10.1093/heapol/czt054]
10. Ikegami N, Yoo B-K, Hashimoto H, Matsumoto M, Ogata H, Babazono A, et al. Japanese universal health coverage. 2011;378(9796):1106-15. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60828-3]
11. Universal Health Coverage for Inclusive and Sustainable Development:Country Summary Report for Thailand. 2014 - Brazil.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Jorjani Biomedicine Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb