Volume 5, Issue 2 (Autumn & Winter 2018 2018)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2018, 5(2): 33-43 | Back to browse issues page

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Shokrzadeh M, Hoseinpoor R, Hajimohammadi A, Delaram A, Shayeste Y. Non-medicinal poisoning pattern in adults referred to the 5Azar hospital of Gorgan from 2008 to 2015. Jorjani Biomed J. 2018; 5 (2) :33-43
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-559-en.html
M.Sc. of Toxicology M.Sc. of Toxicology, Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , shayeste.yaghoub@gmail.com
Abstract:   (771 Views)
Background & Objective: Poisonings are of the major public health challenges. Non-medicinal poisonings are of the most common types and causes of referring to medical centers worldwide. The present study was aimed to determine the non-medicinal poisonings pattern in adults of Gorgan city.
Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on all non-medicinal poisoned patients referred to the 5Azar hospital from 2008 – 2015. Data were collected on checklists using census data collection method and were analyzed by Stata 11.0 software using Pearson’s Chi- square test.
Results: Of all 800 admitted poisoning cases, 227 individuals were non-medicinal and mostly male (72.7%). The ages of 34.4 % of cases were between 20 and 29 years. Moreover, 68.7% of all cases were living in urban areas, 57.7% were married and 27.8% were educated up to high school. Poisonings mostly occurred during summer (30%) and intentional (suicidal) poisonings were known as the major form (47.1%). Opium and aluminum phosphide were the most important poisoning agents (54.2%). Finally, 29 patients (12.8%) had passed away where aluminum phosphide poisoning was the main reason (55.2%).
Conclusion: Intentional poisonings by opium and aluminum phosphide were identified as the main causes of non-medicinal poisonings. It is necessary to emphasize on educational programs, prevention methods and general awareness.
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Type of Study: Original paper | Subject: General
Received: 2018/02/4 | Accepted: 2018/02/4 | Published: 2018/02/4

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