Volume 4, Issue 2 (Autumn & Winter 2016 2017)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2017, 4(2): 92-99 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Gazerani A, Shirdelzadeh S, Joharinia S, Dashti M A, Younesi Herawi M A. Design, Construction and Evaluation of Cardiac Massage Facilitator Device on Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation: an Innovation Report. Jorjani Biomed J. 2017; 4 (2) :92-99
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-478-en.html
M.Sc. in Biomedical Engineering, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran , a.younessi7@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2345 Views)

Background and Objectives: Cardiac massage is the first and most important step during Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Effective massage restores blood flow to the brain and heart and plays a remarkable role in a successful CPR. Exhaustion of treatment team during resuscitation is one of the factors which may lead to reduced quality of resuscitation massages or failure in some cases. The aim of this study was to design, construct and evaluate a new cardiac massage facilitator to improve the quality of CPR in adult patients.

Methods: In this study, the massage facilitator was designed and registered as a glove which was worn by rescuers during cardiac massage (number of invention: 80797). A load cell sensor was placed under the surface of the glove and the facilitator could be displayed number and depth of massage in centimeters. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the designed system, an experimental study was conducted among 30 emergency students. All statistical analyses were performed by SPSS 19 software using Pearson correlation and independent sample t-test. P-values lower than  0.05 were considered to be significant.

Results: The mean age of all participants was 23.41±2.02 years, the mean height was 175±4.43 centimeters and the mean weight was 65.45±5.02 kilograms. The instrument validity was evaluated using standard validation method of concurrent validity. Our findings revealed a significant correlation between the cardiac massage facilitator and Sim Pad system (more than 0.9). Accordingly, the validity of cardiac massage facilitator was confirmed. While assessing the efficient massage criteria during cardiac massage facilitator utilization, the massage possessed suitable depth (less than 5 cm) in 98% of participants. The numbers of massages were at least 100 massages per minute in 93% of participants.

Conclusion: The results showed that designed system could be used as an effective tool to improve quality of cardiac massage in CPR.

Full-Text [PDF 592 kb]   (614 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original paper | Subject: General medicine
Received: 2016/12/26 | Accepted: 2016/12/26 | Published: 2016/12/26

1. Hassani H, Kamali M, Asadi Behraisi.Comprehensive Book Cpr. Tehran: Jamenegar Publishers; 2011
2. Chen W, Weng Y, Wu X, Sun S, Bisera J, Weil MH, etal, The effects of a newly developed miniaturized mechanical chest compressor on outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine model.Crit Care Med 2012;40(11):3007-12
3. Berthelot S, Plourde M, Bertrand I, Stéphanie AÉ, Couture MM, Pelletier EB,etal.Push hard, push fast: quasi-experimental study on the capacity of elementary schoolchildren to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Scandinavian Journal of TraumaResuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2013; 21(1):41
4. Aufderheide TP, Pirrallo RG, Yannopoulos D, Klein JP, Briesen C, Sparks CW, etal, Incomplete chest wall decompression: a clinical evaluation of CPR performance by EMS personnel and assessment of alternative manual chest compression–decompression techniques. Resuscitation 2005 ;64(3):353–362
5. Ochoa FJ, Ramalle-Gomara E, Lisa V, Saralegui I, The effect of rescuer fatigue on the quality of chest compressions. Resuscitation1998;37:149-52
6. Ashton A, McCluskey A, Gwinnutt C.L, Keenan A.M, Effect of rescuer fatigue on performance of continuous external chest compressions over 3 min. Resuscitation 2002;55: 151-155
7. Lindner KH, Wenzel V, New mechanical methods for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Anaesthesist 1997 Mar;46(3):220-30
8. Cohen TJ. Tucker KJ, Lurie KG, Redberg RF, Dutton JP, Dwyer KA, et al. Active Compression-Decompression: A New Method of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation JAMA1992;267(21):2916-2923
9. Frascone RJ, Bitz D, Lurie K.Combination of active compression decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the inspiratory impedance threshold device: state of the art. Curr Opin Crit Care 2004 Jun;10(3):193-201
10. Pinto DC, Haden-Pinneri K, Love JC, Manual and Automated Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): A Comparison of Associated Injury Patterns. J Forensic Sci 2013;58(4): 904–909
11. Highlights Of The 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update For Cpr And Ecc Avalable at:Https://Eccguidelines.Heart.Org
12. Niemanna J T, Rosborough JP, Kassabian L, Salami B,A new device producing manual sterna compression with thoracic constraint for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation 2006; 69: 295—301
13. Trivedi K, Borovnik-Lesjak V, Gazmuri RJ, LUCAS 2TM device, compression depth, and the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013; 7(31): 1154

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Jorjani Biomedicine Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb